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八年级英语上册第八单元Unit 8 How was your school trip学案

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发表于 2019-9-26 09:52:56 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
八年级英语上册第八单元Unit 8 How was your school trip学案  Unit 8 How was your school trip

Section A

一、教师寄语:There will be no regret and sorrow if you fight with all your strength. (只要全力拼搏了,就没有遗憾,没有后悔。)

二、学习目标

知识目标:1.words and expressions: aquarium ,shark, seal, souvenir , ate (eat ) , else , win ,(won,won ), autograph, got

2. goal languages : How was your school trip

Did you win that hat?

Were there any sharks?

3. grammer学习一般过去时及There be句型的一般过去时

能力目标: 学会询问“……怎么样、做了什么事”以及表达感受的交际用语。

情感目标:学会积极乐观的表达自己的感受。

三、教学重、难点:

Important points: Simple past of regular and irregular verbs(规则和不规则动词的过去式)

Difficulty points: How to talk about events in the past clearly .

四、Learning steps :

Step 1预习导学或自测/情景导入

按要求写出下列各词:
1. visit________(过去式)              2. photo________(复数)

3. take________(反义词)              4. put________(过去式)
5. pour________(现在分词)           6. win________(过去式)
7. gift________(同义词)              8. fun________(形容词)
9. begin________(同义词)            10. wild________(比较级)

11. athletic________(比较级)         12. where________(同音词)
13. near________(反义词)            14. leave________(过去式)

15. she________(名词性物主代词)     16. sick________(同义词)

17. right________(同音词)            18. foot________(复数)

19. they________(宾格)              20. knife________(复数)

Step 2  自主学习Listen to the tape without looking at the book and then answer the following questions :

1.Which aquarium did they go?

2.Was the science teacher happy ?  

Step 3合作探究

Read section A < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-comffice:smarttags" />3a and correct the statements below .You may discuss in pairs or in groups. Check the answers with the teacher . Then find the past forms of the verbs in the article .Now , if you have any questions about the article , you can ask your classmates or teacher for help . ___________________________________________________________________________.

Class9 did many things , what did they do first /then/after that/after lunch/finally/at the end of the day ? Can you answer? Come on ! Try to answer .

First,_______________________________________________________________________ .     Then,_______________________________________________________________________

After that ,_____________________________________________________________________.

After lunch___________________________________________________________________. Finally,______________________________________________________________________. At the end of the day ,_________________________________________________________.

Step4. 拓展创新

1. win和beat有区别,接人、接物区别说。

二者都有“赢得;获得;胜出”之意,但稍有不同

win

win后跟的宾语,一般是比赛、游戏、奖品、奖金、辩论、战斗等名词。

She won a hat. 她赢得一顶帽子。

beat

beat后跟的宾语,是人或由人组成的团队等。beat的过去式仍是beat。


In the 29th Olympics, Ma Lin beat Wang Hao.

在第29届奥运会上,马琳战败了王浩。

2. end的用法:

end n. 结束;结尾

The story has a happy end. 这个故事有一个快乐的结尾。

end v. 结束

When the meeting ended, they began to talk with each other.

当会议结束,他们开始互相交谈。

in the end  最后

We made eight different plans for our vacations, but in the end we went to Harbin again.

我们为假期做了八种不同的计划,但最后又去了哈尔滨。

by the end of  到……末为止

What will the world be like by the end of the 21st century?

到21世纪末世界将会怎样?

at the end of  在……的末尾;在……的尽头

There’s a shop at the end of the road.

< xmlnamespace prefix ="w" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-comffice:word" />在路的尽头有一家商店。

end with 以……结束

The party ended with a song.

聚会以一首歌而结束。

Step5梳理归纳

本单元涉及询问“……怎么样、做了什么事”以及表达感受的交际用语。

1. How was your day off? 你休息日过得怎样?

本句用来询问某人某一天的情况。

How was your school trip? 你的学校旅行如何?

2. —Did you go to the zoo?   你去过动物园吗?

—No, I didn’t. I went to the aquarium. 没,我没去过。我去了水族馆。

本交际用语用来询问是否做了什么事及其应答。

—Did they take any photos? 他们照了一些照片吗?

—Yes, they did. 是的,他们照过。

3. That sounds interesting. 那听起来很有趣。

此句用来对他人的陈述、建议等表示欣赏且有兴趣时的一句话。此句中sound 是系动词,意为“听上去;听起来”,后跟形容词作表语,有时也跟“like+名词”。

—Let’s go to the movie. 咱们去看电影吧。

— That sounds interesting. 听起来很有趣。

That sounds like a busy day off.. 那听起来像个繁忙的休息日。

Step6. 达标检测

Ⅰ 根据句意和首字母提示完成单词

1. Did you buy a g____ for your sister?

2. Who is the m____ in your class?

3. Do you get many v____?

4. She’s going to have her birthday party at the e____ of the week.

Ⅱ 请从方框中选出适当的词语完成下列句子(注意部分词语的形式变化)

at the end of,  win,  shark,  hang out,  else

1. What ____ did you do last night?

2. Alice ____ the first price in yesterday’s dancing competition.

3. ____ the day, the Smiths took the bus back home.

4. There are some ____ at the Blue Sky Aquarium.

5. I ____ with my dog last Sunday.

Ⅲ 请按括号内的要求完成下列句子,每空一词(含缩写)

1. There are fifty students in our class.(改为一般过去时)

  ____ ____ fifty students in our class.

2. I went to the aquarium with my mother last Sunday.(改为一般疑问句)

  ____ you ____ to the aquarium with your mother last Sunday?

3. There were some dolphins in the water.(改为否定句)

  There ____ ____ dolphins in the water.

4. We saw some seals at the Blue Water Aquarium.(就画线部分提问)

  ____ ____ you ____ at the Blue Water Aquarium?

5. Ben’s friends enjoyed themselves on the school trip.(改为同义句)

  Ben’s friends ____ a great ____ on the school trip.

Ⅳ 选择填空

( )1. ____ Emily at her aunt's last night?   

A. Is   B. Was  C. Did

( )2. _____ he sleep late last night?      

A. Is   B. Was   C. Did

( )3. What did you do _____ your last trip?   

A. on   B. of    C. in

( )4.____ the end of the day, they were all tired.   

A.On   B. In     C. At

( )5. After two hours the children got to the hill, tired _________ happy.

A. and   B. but   C. however

( )6. My mother ___________ some cakes for us last night.

A.makes  B.maked  C.made

( )7. — Did they take any photos?  —____________.

A.No,they didn't  B.No,they did  C.No,they aren't
( )8. What ____________ did you do?

A.other    B.else   C.others

五、典型例题解析

1. ____ there any water in the cup just now?

A. Is   B. Was    C. Were    D. Are

<点拨> just now 意为“刚才”,是一般过去时态的标志,故排除A, D两项;any water是主语,故谓语用单数形式,排除C项。 <答案> B

2. Ann _____ out with her mother last Sunday.

A. hang       B. hangs      C. hung      D. hanged

<点拨> 由last Sunday可知时态用过去时,故排除A, B两项;作“绞死;吊死”讲时,hang的过去式是hanged,故排除;作“逗留;徘徊”时,过去式为hung。<答案> C

3. In the football game, we ____ the students from Class 9 and ____.

A. beat; won first prize       B. beat; won the first prize

C. beat; win first prize        D. won; won first prize

<点拨> 第一空后是the students,指人,故用beat,排除D项;“获得一等将”应为win first prize,win的过去式为won,故排除 B, C两项。<答案> A

六、中考链接   

1.(2009 河南)—When ____ you ____ your old friend? — The day before yesterday.

A. will; visit      B. did; visitor     C. will; visitor     D. did; visit

2.(2009 江西)He’s leaving ____end of this month.

A. at     B. at the     C. with    D. with the

七、课后反思

我的收获:___________________________________________________________________

我的不足:___________________________________________________________________



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 楼主| 发表于 2019-9-26 09:53:12 | 只看该作者
Unit 8  How was your school trip?

Section B

一、教师寄语: My road is under my own control.

        我的路,就在我的掌握之中。

二、学习目标

知识目标: 1.熟练掌握并运用日期进行交谈。

2.掌握与学生生活相关的短语,为学生的交际提供素材。本课要求掌握的短语为:speech contest,school trip,birthday party,basketball game。

3.熟练运用句型:  When is…?

                            It’s….

能力目标: 让学生学会合理支配时间,做时间的主人。

情感目标: 学会积极乐观的表达自己的感受。培养学生与人合作、互帮互学的团队精神。

三、教学重、难点:

Important points: Simple past of regular and irregular verbs(规则和不规则动词的过去式)

Difficulty points: How to talk about events in the past clearly .

四、学习过程

(一)预习导学及自测

翻译下列词组:
1. 昨天下午_________ 2. 前天_________
3. 昨晚_________ 4. 上个月_________
5. 去年夏天_________ 6. 看录像_________
7. 整天_________ 8. 开车兜风_________
9. 获得奖金_________ 10. 买纪念品_________
(二)自主学习

1. Tony slept late on his last day off. 托尼在他的上个休息日睡过了头。

sleep late 睡过头;起得晚,相当于get up late。

I slept late on Sunday morning. 我星期天早上起得晚。

go to be late 睡得晚

I’m very tired this morning because I went to bed late last night.

今天早上我很累,因为昨天晚上我睡得晚。

2. Did you have fun camping? 你野营有趣吗?

本句是一般疑问句,由助动词did开头。

have fun 玩得快乐;过得愉快,相当于have a good/great/nice/ wonderful time, enjoy oneself 。

Last weekend we had fun.=Last weekend we had a good/great/wonderful/nice time.=Last weekend we enjoyed ourselves. 上周末我们玩得很快乐。

have fun +v-ing  做某事快乐

The boy often has fun watching TV at home. 这男孩经常在家快乐地看电视。

3. Luckily, we brought our umbrellas and raincoats, so we didn’t get wet.

                                   并列

幸运的是,我们带了雨衣和雨伞,所以没有被淋湿。

本句是由so连接的并列句。

luckily adv. 幸运地,常修饰动词,形容词,副词或句子。

Luckily, the boy passed the exam. 这男孩幸运地通过了考试。

lucky adj. 幸运的

All of you are lucky dogs. 你们都是幸运儿。

luck n. 幸运

Good luck to you. 祝你走运。

4. We watched a movie about living in the future.

                  

我们看了一部关于未来的生活的电影。

本句是一个简单句。介词短语about living in the future作movie的定语。

future n. 将来;未来,常构成短语 in the future,在将来;在未来

Who can tell what will happen in the future?

谁能说得清将来会发生什么事?

(三)合作探究

none和no one的用法区别:

none

既可指人,也可指物

可与of 连用,谓语动词可以是单数也可以是复数,具体指什么人或事物,一般用来回答“How many + 名词复数”, “How much +名词”以及含有“any+名词“的疑问句。

—How many boys are there in the classroom? 教室里有多少个男孩?

—None.   

一个也没有。

no one

相当于nobody,只指人。用作主语时,谓语用单数,后面不能跟of短语,常用来回答who 和 含有anyone/ anybody引起的疑问句。

There is no one in the room. 房间里空无一人。



(四)拓展创新

off 的用法以及短语:

off adj. 休息;不工作,常用在名词后。

day off (因病或节假日)休息;不工作;不上学

He is ill, the teacher gives him one day off.

他生病了,老师给了他一天假。

off adv. 离开

You must be off soon. 你必须尽快离开。

ask for a day off 请一天假

I have something to do, I want to ask for a day off.

我有一些事情要做。我想请一天假。

on one’s day off 在某人的休息日

On my last day off, I went to climb Mountain Tai.

在我的上一个休息日,我去爬了泰山。

have a day off 休假一天

On March 8th, women often have a day off. 在三月八号,妇女们经常休假一天。

take off 脱下;起飞

It’s hot. Please take off your coat.  

天热了。脱下你的外套吧。

turn off 关上

Please turn off your TV. Let’s go for a walk.

请关上电视。我们去散散步吧。

(五) 梳理归纳

一般过去时

用法

句式

标志

表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

表示过去经常或反复发生的动作或存在的状态。

①yesterday(morning, evening,  afternoon), the day before yesterday. ②last year( month, term, week, night)

③two days ago, a moment ago(just now), three years ago 等。④ in + 表示过去的时间点



含有系动词be的,was(were) 加not构成否定句;was(were)提到主语前变为疑问句。

含有实义动词的,助动词didn’t +原形构成否定句;did提到主语前构成疑问句,动词用原形。

                                   

There be 句型的过去时

was/ were 的确定

句式

1. 句子主语为单数名词或不可数名词时,动词be用was。2. 句子主语为复数名词时,be用were。3. 主语为几个并列名词时,be的形式与距它最近的一个名词在数量上保持一致。

There was a teacher and 40 students in the room yesterday. 昨天房里有一名老师和四十名学生。

否定was(were)后加not;疑问was(were)在there前。肯定句中有some,否定疑问句中变any。
There wasn’t any orange in the cup.

杯子里没有橙汁了。

(六)达标检测

Ⅰ. 根据句意和首字母提示完成单词

1. Mr. Green often goes for a d____ with his wife.

2. It’s raining outside. Please put on your r_____.

3. This morning I s____ late and missed my breakfast.

4. L____, he found his son.

5. In England, children always take u____ with them.

Ⅱ. 用所给词的正确形式填空

1. Did the children have fun ____(camp)?

2. The weather ____(be) terrible yesterday.

3. Eric doesn’t want ____(watch) TV with his grandmother.

4. No one ____(come) to the concert because it was bad.

5. Last Tuesday Miss Cooler ____(not take) a class.

Ⅲ. 根据汉语提示完成下列英语句子

1. How was your ____ ____(休息日), Ming?

2. Old Henry had a ____ _____(庭院旧货出售).

3. It ____(下雨) for two days.

4. He ____ ____ (淋湿)the day before yesterday.

Ⅳ. 单项选择

1. ____ my opinion, we can go camping next weekend.

A. At           B. In             C. On           D. For

2. They had ____ good time rolling pancakes and it sounds ____ great.

A. /; /            B. a; /               C. a; a          D. /; a

3. What a pity! I wasn’t ____ my family on the beach!

A. with           B. stay              C. stay with      D. staying

4. We bought a novel about ____ in the future.

A. life           B. lives                C. live         D. lived

5. At last, he ____ the football match.

A. wined         B. wined               C. wins        D. won

五、典型例题解析

1. Can you ____? Let’s go for ____.

A. drive; drive      B. drive; a drive     C. a drive; a drive     D. a drive; drive

<点拨> can 是情态动词,后接动词原形,排除C, D两项;go for a drive意为“开车兜风”。句意为“你会开车吗?我们开出去兜风吧”。<答案> B

2. —Why are you late again, Grace?  — Sorry, sir. I ____ again.

A. went to bed early      B. slept late      C. got up early     D. had nothing

<点拨> A项意为“上床睡觉早”;B项意为“睡过头”;C项意为“起床早”;D项意为“没有什么事”。句意为“格雷斯,你为什么又迟到了?对不起先生,我又睡过头了。”<答案> B

3. —Did they have fun ____ the dolphin show?  —Yes, they did.

A. watch      B. watched      C. watching     D. to watch

<点拨> have fun后接动词时,要接动词的-ing形式。故排除A, B, D三项。<答案> C

六、中考链接

1.(2009  甘肃)This summer, it has much ____, so it’s _____ here.

A. rain; rain      B. rainy; rainy     C. rain; rainy      D. rainy; rain

2. (2009 青海)Tony met a heavy rain on the way to school.__, he took an umbrella with him.

A. Badly        B. Terribly        C. Really        D. Luckily

3.(2009 郴州) I didn’t take raincoats yesterday, when I got home, I was all _____.

A. tired     B. happy     C. angry    D. wet

七、课后反思

我的收获:___________________________________________________________________

我的不足:___________________________________________________________________



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